30 tips for successful academic research and writing 공부공부!!

Choosing something that you are passionately interested in to research is a great first step on the road to successful academic writing but it can be difficult to keep the momentum going. Deborah Lupton explains how old-fashioned whiteboards and online networking go hand-in-hand, and advices when it is time to just ‘make a start’ or go for a bike ride.

As part of preparing for a workshop on academic publishing for early career academics, I jotted down some ideas and tips to share with the group which I thought I would post here. In the process of writing 12 books and over 110 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters over a career which has mostly been part-time because of juggling the demands of motherhood with academic work, I have developed some approaches that seem to work well for me.

These tips are in no particular order, apart from number 1, which I consider to be the most important of all.

Planning your research schedule

  1. Choose something to research/write about that you are passionately interested in. I find that most of my research and writing tends to spring from wanting to find out more or understand more about a particular phenomenon that intrigues me. In explaining it to myself I end up explaining it to others, hopefully in a new and interesting way that is worthy of publication.
  2. Be organised – planning time use is essential when there are many demands on your time.
  3. Make sure that you set aside one or more periods of time each week when you devote yourself to research and don’t let other demands impinge on this time.
  4. So I can easily see what I need to do and by when, I use a white-board with a ‘to do’ list with tasks listed monthly and their deadlines. I rub off tasks as I complete them (usually with a great sense of accomplishment!). Very low tech, I know, but effective as a visual reminder.
  5. Plan your research in chunks: this morning, today, this week, this month, next few months, this year, next three years. Have a clear idea for what you want to achieve in these time periods and try to stick to this as much as you can.
  6. I don’t tend to think more than a year ahead when it comes to research outcomes I want to achieve, but I find it helpful to write up at least a one-year research plan at the beginning of each year. Some people may also want to prepare a 3- or 5-year research plan.
  7. Be strategic about every bit of research time available. Think about the best use of your time. Difficult cognitive tasks requiring intense thought often need a lengthy period of time, so plan to do these when this is available to you. Easy or less time-intensive tasks such as correcting proofs, editing or formatting a journal article or chapter for submission or reading some materials and taking notes can be fitted in smaller periods of time.

Making a start

  1. Use whatever research time you have to do something, however small the task.
  2. Make a start. Once you have an idea for a piece of writing, create a file for it on your computer and write down anything, however rough and however brief, even if it is just a provisional title and some notes about possible content. It can always be polished and developed later or even discarded if you decide eventually not to go ahead with the idea.
  3. Organise your writing into different computer files: articles in progress, submitted articles, accepted articles, conference papers, blog posts, book proposals, grant applications etc.
  4. Organise your PDF journal article collection under topics in files on your computer.
  5. If you are feeling unenthusiastic or have hit a wall – leave that piece of writing for a while and work on another piece of writing.
  6. If no external deadline has been set, set yourself deadlines and try to meet these as much as you can, so that you can then move on to the next piece of writing.

Getting the most out of your writing

  1. Use your writing in as many different ways as you can – conference papers, articles/chapters, books, blog posts. Turn the small (unrefereed) pieces into bigger (refereed) pieces whenever you can and vice versa. What starts out as a blog post can be later developed into an article, for example. Conversely some of the main arguments of an article can be used in one or more blog posts.
  2. Never let a conference/seminar paper stay a conference/seminar paper – turn it into an article/book chapter as soon as you can. If there is simply not enough substance for a piece that is the length of a journal article or book chapter, consider polishing and referencing the paper appropriately. Once it is at a standard where you consider it ready to be available to others, publish it on your university’s e-repository as a working paper. That way, anyone will be able to access the paper digitally and reference it.
  3. Decide on an appropriate journal as you are writing an article and tailor the argument/length to the journal’s requirements before you finish it.
  4. Once you think that you have finished a piece of writing and are ready to submit it, put it aside for a least a day and come back and read it again with fresh eyes. You will most probably notice something that could be improved upon. Once you have done this and are feeling happy with the piece, go ahead and submit. As another commentator has argued, you need to conquer your fear and send your writing off into the world: ‘we owe it to the words we have written to send them away’.
  5. Receiving feedback from academic referees on a writing piece or research proposal can sometimes be demoralising. Don’t let negative comments get you down for long. Grit your teeth and revise and resubmit as soon as you can, however tedious it feels. See this as an opportunity to make your piece the very best it can be. If the article has been rejected, take a good hard look at whether the referees’ comments are valid and if necessary, revise and then submit it to another journal. Remember that all successful academic writers have received negative feedback at times: that is simply part-and-parcel of academic writing and publishing.
  6. Rather than simply deleting material when you are editing a piece of writing, make ‘edits’ computer files into which to ‘paste’ this material when you cut it (I make several edits files under topics). You never know when you may be able to use this material somewhere else.
  7. Think about how one writing piece can lead to another as you are writing it.
  8. Make sure that your abstract is well-written and will lead others to your work (see here for guidelines on writing an effective abstract).
  9. Keep on top of the latest research published in the journals you use for your research. One easy way to do this is to sign up to email alerts with the publishers of the journals and you will be notified by them of the contents of each new issue.

Connect for inspiration

  1. Inspiration for research can come from many places. Attending conferences and seminars and reading the latest academic literature in your field are all extremely important, but so are other strategies. As a sociologist, I have generated many ideas from listening to good quality radio programs, reading newspapers and my favourite online sites and blogs regularly and engaging in social media such as Twitter and Facebook with people interested in the topics I research (see more on social media at no. 25).
  2. Connect, connect, connect. Publicise your research and make connections with other researchers as much as you can. Make contact with others working in areas related to your interests even if they are in different departments or in other universities. Join relevant research networks or start your own.
  3. Strengthen your online presence. Think about using social and other digital media to promote your research, engage with the community and make academic connections. Set up a profile on Academia.edu at the barest minimum. Make sure your university webpage is kept up-to-date with your latest publications and research projects. Write blog posts (if you don’t want to commit to your own blog, do guest posts for others’ blogs or for online discussion forums), sign up to Twitter and relevant Facebook pages, put your PowerPoints on SlideShare, make Pinterest boards (see here for my introduction to social media for academics).
  4. Use digital bookmarking sites such as Scoop.it, Pinterest, Delicious or Bundlr to save interesting material you have found on the web (see here for a discussion of using tools like these for academic work).
  5. Use a computerised online reference manager such as Endnote, Zotero or Mendeley. Get in the habit of loading citations straight into this each time as soon as you come across them.
  6. Think carefully about who you collaborate with on research before agreeing to do so. Good collaborators will add immensely to your own work: bad ones will make your life difficult and you won’t be happy with the outputs you produce.
  7. Seek out the advice or mentorship of more experienced academics whose research you respect.
  8. Take regular walks/runs/bike rides. This will not only keep you physically fit but will also provide a mental space to think through an argument or come up with new ideas. Some of my best ideas have come when I have been in motion and my thoughts are unencumbered.

Note: This article gives the views of the author(s), and not the position of the Impact of Social Sciences blog, nor of the London School of Economics.

This blog was originally published on Deborah’s blog, ‘This Sociological Life’ , and is reprinted here with permission.

About the author:
Deborah Lupton is a sociologist in the Department of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Sydney. She is the author of 12 books and many research articles and chapters on topics including medicine and public health, the body, risk, parenting culture, childhood, the emotions, obesity politics, and digital cultures.


몬테크리스토 Recipes & Cook

재료 : 식빵 3장, 슬라이스치즈 4장, 닭안심 3쪽, 햄1장, 소금, 후추 적당량, 버터 약간, 딸기잼, 슈가파우더
튀김옷 : 밀가루 1컵, 베이킹 파우더 1/3스푼, 달걀 1개, 우유 8스푼

준비 : 닭안심을 우유에 재워 비린내를 제거한다.

1. 튀김옷을 한데 섞기 - 차가운 곳에 보관
2. 닭안심 소금 후추로 간하기
3. 닭안심 굽기 : 오븐 190C, 8-10min 
4. 식빵에 버터를 바르고 치즈->햄->잼바른 식빵->치즈->닭고기->치즈->식빵 순으로 놓고 잘 눌러준다.
5. 튀김옷을 입혀 후라이팬에 튀긴다.
6. 슈가파우더를 뿌린다.

Reference : http://kitchen.naver.com/recipe/19824

카스테라 Recipes & Cook

재료 : 계란 7개, 설탕 130g, 소금 1/4 작은 술, 꿀 50g, 우유 60g, 오일 또는 녹인 버터 4큰술, 박력분 180g

준비 : 차가운 계란, 가루 종류 체치기, 꿀과 우유는 따뜻하게.
Preheat oven 180C

1. 볼에 흰자를 넣고 머랭 만들기
2. 설탕을 3회 정도 나누어 넣어 가며 거품 내기. 볼을 뒤어도 떨어지지 않을 정도까지.
3. 노른자 한개씩 넣으며 거품기로 섞기
4. 꿀과 우유 섞은 거 거품이 꺼지지 않도록 가장자리로 부어주고 대충 섞어준다. (바닐라오일 또는 럼주 추가)
5. 오일, 박력분 2회에 나눠서 넣기.  거품이 꺼지지 않도록 살살.
6. 틀에 넣고 탕탕 치며 기포 제거. 
7. 굽기 180C - 10mins, 165C -45 mins
8. 꼬치 테스트

Reference : http://kitchen.naver.com/recipe/viewRecipe.nhn?recipePid=377229

Crunchy Coconut Cookies Recipes & Cook

Prep 25mins | Bake 15mins


  • 1/2 cup flour
  • 1/2 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • tablespoons unsalted butter, at room temperature
  • 1/3 cup sugar
  • large egg
  • 1/2 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
  • 1 1/2 cups sweetened shredded coconut


  1. Preheat the oven to 375 degrees . Line a cookie sheet with parchment paper. In a medium bowl, whisk together the flour, baking powder and salt.
  2. Using an electric mixer, beat the butter and sugar at medium-high speed until creamy, about 2 minutes. Beat in the egg and vanilla. Beat in the flour mixture on low speed. Stir in the coconut.
  3. Place rounded teaspoons of dough about an inch apart on the prepared cookie sheet. Bake until the edges are golden, 10 to 12 minutes. Let cool on a rack.

하루 하루 기록하기 미분류

별거 아닌 하루가 나에게 변화를 줄 거라 믿는다.
이제 한달 반여동안 이곳 생활을 마무리하며 새로운 곳에서의 시작을 준비하련다.
한국의 작은오피스텔에서 뉴욕의 기숙사, Jackie 할머니네 1층, 캘리포니아의 첫번째 아파트, 그리고 지금 사는 이곳까지 ...
또다시 국제이사를 행해야 하는 지금 ... 여지껏 막막하지만 잘 챙겨왔듯이 잘 할 수 있을거라고 다짐해본다.
두려움보다는 설레임이 나를 채우고 있으니까.
I am so excited to go there!
Photo: wow <3

Study Plan 공부공부!!

익숙한 공간이 좋은건가... 일기장

무너져가는 얼음 오두막
그래도 왠지 온전히 내것인 거 같아 좋다

Classic & Contemporary Literature 공부공부!!

A, B
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain
The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton
Animal Farm by George Orwell
Anne of Green Gables (the series) by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Anthem by Ayn Rand
Around the World in Eighty Days by Jules Verne
Beloved by Toni Morrison
The Black Rose by Thomas B. Costain
The Black Stallion by Walter Farley
Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

C, D
The Call of the Wild by Jack London
Captains Courageous by Rudyard Kipling
Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl
The Chronicles of Narnia by C.S. Lewis
The Color Purple by Alice Walker
The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas
The Crucible by Arthur Miller
The Diary of Anne Frank edited by Otto Frank
Dracula by Bram Stoker

E, F, G
Emma by Jane Austen
Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury
The Far Pavilions by M.M. Kaye
Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
The Giver by Lois Lowry
The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck
Great Expectations by Charles Dickens
The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift

H, I, J
Harry Potter (the series) by J.K. Rowling
The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien
Holes by Louis Sachar
The House on Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros
Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl by Harriet A. Jacobs
The Incredible Journey by Sheila Every Burnford
The Indian in the Cupboard by Lynne Reid Banks
Ivanhoe by Sir Walter Scott
The Invisable Man by H.G. Wells
Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
Journey to the Center of the Earth by Jules Verne
The Jungle by Upton Sinclair
The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling

K, L
Kidnapped by Robert Louis Stevenson
The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving
The Little House series by Laura Ingalls Wilder
The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupery
A Little Princess by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Little Women by Louisa May Alcott
Lord of the Flies by William Golding
The Lord of the Rings (the trilogy) by J.R.R. Tolkien

M, N
Macbeth by William Shakespeare
The Martian Chronicles by Ray Bradbury
The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka
My Antonia by Willa Cather
My Bondage and My Freedom by Frederick Douglass
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave by Frederick Douglass
Night by Elie Wiesel

O, P
The Odyssey by Homer
Old Yeller by Fred Gipson
The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton
The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde
The Pillars of the Earth by Ken Follett
Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw

R, S
The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane
The Red Pony by John Steinbeck
Redwall (the series) by Brian Jacques
Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe
The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Shane by Jack Schaefer
Sherlock Holmes by Arthur Conan Doyle
The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway

T, W, Y
The Tempest by William Shakespeare
The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas
Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll
The Time Machine by H.G. Wells
To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson
A Tree Grows in Brooklyn by Betty Smith
The Turn of the Screw by Henry James
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne
The War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells
War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy
Watership Down by Richard Adams
White Fang by Jack London
Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte
A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L'Engle
The Yearling by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings

Paul's Motivation For Ministry - 08/14/2011 Praise the Lord!! ^^

Romans 1:1-16

1 Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God 2 which He promised before through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures, 3 concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, 4 and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead. 5 Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name, 6 among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;

7 To all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints:

Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Desire to Visit Rome
8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. 9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of His Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers, 10 making request if, by some means, now at last I may find a way in the will of God to come to you. 11 For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, so that you may be established— 12 that is, that I may be encouraged together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me.
13 Now I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that I often planned to come to you (but was hindered until now), that I might have some fruit among you also, just as among the other Gentiles. 14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise. 15 So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also.
The Just Live by Faith
16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ,[a] for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.”[b]

3 "I am" statements reveal Paul's motivation to preach the gospel

 - "I am a debtor"        His sense of obligation    vs. 14
    : resposible to others
 - "I am ready"            His sense of urgency       vs. 15
    : eager, emergency
 - "I am not ashamed"        His sense of commitment        vs. 16
    : Jesus Christ, the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness
    Gospel / the power of God to salvation

Choose This Day Whom You Will Serve - 07/31/2011 Praise the Lord!! ^^

Joshua 24

14 “Now therefore, fear the LORD, serve Him in sincerity and in truth, and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the River and in Egypt. Serve the LORD! 15 And if it seems evil to you to serve the LORD, choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve, whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the River, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you dwell. But as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.”

3 Observations on life's most important choice
    - A choice for Joshua personally
    - A choice he meade on behalf of his family
    - A choice that must be made by everybody

We need total commitment to God.
I'm following you in your footstpes.
Jesus is the LORD. No man can serve two masters.

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